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Editor-in-Chief

Laurence J. Egan, Ireland

Associate Editors

Maria T. Abreu, USAShomron Ben-Horin, IsraelSilvio Danese, ItalyPeter Lakatos, HungaryMiles Parkes, UKGijs van den Brink, NLSéverine Vermeire, Belgium

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Infliximab administered with shortened infusion times in a specialized IBD infusion unit: A prospective cohort study

Gert Van Assche , Séverine Vermeire , Maja Noman , Christine Amant , Ellen Weyts , Anita Vleminckx , Marie-Josée Vermeyen , Paul Rutgeerts
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crohns.2009.12.012 329-333 First published online: 1 September 2010

Abstract

Background and aims: Biological therapy with anti TNF agents requires parenteral administration and in the case of infliximab this involves in hospital treatment. We aimed to prospectively assess the safety and tolerance of infliximab infusion in patients with IBD in a specialized unit adhering to strict standard operation procedures including switch to accelerated 1 h infusions.

Methods: A prospective audit of a referral center IBD infusion unit was performed. We recorded infusion times and all adverse events including hypersensitivity reactions. Patients were also polled about the impact of the treatment on quality of life (QOL).

Results: On 20 consecutive days 177 patients were treated with infliximab and all participated. Of those infliximab 117 received 1 h infusions and 4 (2.2%) had an immediate infusion reaction. Median time on unit was optimal for those with 1 h infusions [1:35 h (IQR: 1:25–1:50)] without an increased risk of infusion reactions. Prophylactic therapy significantly increased the time on unit [3:20 h (IQR: 2:50–3:45), p < 0.001]. Patients reported a high global satisfaction and a good tolerability of the infusions with a considerable or strong impact on studies, work or QOL in one third.

Conclusions: A dedicated IBD infusion unit can achieve high quality of care and shortened 1 h infliximab infusions are well tolerated in patients with scheduled maintenance therapy.

Keywords
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Medical therapy
  • Infliximab
  • Infusion reactions
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