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Journal of Crohn's and Colitis: 9 (5)

Editor-in-Chief

Laurence J. Egan, Ireland

Associate Editors

Maria T. Abreu, USAShomron Ben-Horin, IsraelSilvio Danese, ItalyPeter Lakatos, HungaryMiles Parkes, UKGijs van den Brink, NLSéverine Vermeire, Belgium

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Published on behalf of

Role of vitamin D derivatives in intestinal tissue of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases

Maria Martinesi , Stefano Ambrosini , Cristina Treves , Ulrich Zuegel , Andreas Steinmeyer , Annese Vito , Monica Milla , Andrea G. Bonanomi , Maria Stio
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crohns.2014.02.005 1062-1071 First published online: 1 September 2014

Abstract

Background and aim The adhesion molecule expression and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are proposed to be major factors for intestinal injury mediated by T cells in (IBD) and are up-regulated in intestinal mucosa of IBD patients. To investigate the effect of vitamin D derivatives on adhesion molecules and MMPs in colonic biopsies of IBD patients.

Methods Biopsies from inflamed and non-inflamed tract of terminal ileum and colon and PBMC from the same IBD patients were cultured with or without vitamin D derivatives. MMP activity and adhesion molecule levels were determined.

Results 1,25(OH)2D3 and ZK 191784 significantly decrease ICAM-1 protein levels in the biopsies obtained only from the inflamed region of intestine of UC patients, while MAdCAM-1 levels decrease in the presence of 1,25(OH)2D3 in the non-inflamed region, and, in the presence of ZK, in the inflamed one. In CD patients 1,25(OH)2D3 and ZK decrease ICAM-1 and MAdCAM-1 in the biopsies obtained from the non-inflamed and inflamed regions, with the exception of ICAM-1 in the inflamed region in the presence of 1,25(OH)2D3. The expression of MMP-9, MMP-2, and MMP-3 decreases in the presence of vitamin D derivatives in UC and CD with the exception of 1,25(OH)2D3 that does not affect the levels of MMP-9 and MMP-2 in CD. Vitamin D derivatives always affect MMP-9, MMP-2 and ICAM-1 in PBMC of UC and CD patients.

Conclusions Based on the increased expression of ICAM-1, MAdCAM-1 and MMP-2,-9,-3 in IBD, our study suggests that vitamin D derivatives may be effective in the management of these diseases.

Keywords
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Vitamin D derivatives
  • Adhesion molecules
  • Matrix metalloproteinase
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